Is Jesus omniscient?


John 16:30

Now we can see that you know all things and that you do not even need to have anyone ask you questions. This makes us believe that you came from God.


John 21:17

The third time he said to him, "Simon son of John, do you love me?"

Peter was hurt because Jesus asked him the third time, "Do you love me?" He said, "Lord, you know all things; you know that I love you."


Matthew 24:36 (also Mark 13:32)

But about that day or hour no one knows, not even the angels in heaven, nor the Son, but only the Father.


Mark 5:30-32

At once Jesus realized that power had gone out from him. He turned around in the crowd and asked, "Who touched my clothes?"

"You see the people crowding against you," his disciples answered, "and yet you can ask, 'Who touched me?'"

But Jesus kept looking around to see who had done it.


Jesus Christ is God (Jn 1:1, 10:30); he is of the same essence as God the Father, and hence possesses the same divine attributes, including omniscience. However, during his time on Earth, Jesus submitted himself to certain limitations. For instance, he could not be omnipresent while in a human body. One of his temporary limitations included limited knowledge in some cases, such as his not knowing the date of his return (though at other times, Jesus displayed supernatural knowledge, e.g. Jn 4:16-19).

In John 21, Jesus asked Peter a question in order to teach him; certainly he didn't ask the same question three times in a row because he didn't know what the answer would be. As for Mark 5, there are two possibilities. One is that Jesus' omniscience was limited such that he honestly didn't know who touched him. The second is that Jesus knew who it was, but wanted the woman to come forward so that he could speak to her (Mk 5:24-34).


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